Musical English Lessons International, England

Established since 1993

This free website has been created especially for you by Bibi Baxter (International Author, Teacher & ESL/EFL Materials Specialist)  <>()<> This website contains 'something' for everyone <>()<> Established since 1993, Musical English Lessons International are the only world-wide suppliers of special ESL/EFL study ideas by Bibi Baxter (formerly Bibi Boarder)

French <>  Italian <> Portuguese <> Spanish  <> German <> Chinese <> Japanese <> Korean <> Arabic <> Turkish  <> Polish <> Macedonian

WHAT'S NEW?

(Click on the eyes)

SITEMAP

A-P

Originals by Bibi
  • Essays

  • Narratives

  • Photo

  • Published articles

  • Rhyming Verse

Beatles

  • ESL ideas

  • Quiz

  • Albums

The Holy Bible
  • Prayers

  • Vocabulary

  • Salvation or Hell?

  • Life Before & After Death

  • Humorous poems

Christmas

  • Carols

  • Fun Songs

  • Poem

  • Recipes

  • Song by Darkness

  • Traditions

Classical Literature

Memory Aids & ESL Practice for:

  • Dickens 

  • D.H.Lawrence

  • Shakespeare

  • etc.

Contributors
  • Fiction

  • Non-fiction

  • Poetry

  • Prayers

For Budding Authors & Poets

ESL/EFL/English Practice for Songs

Feedback Forums

Create your own forums to discuss subjects on this website and to practise your English

Functional English
ESL/EFL Grammar
  • rules

  • practice

Jokes

for fun ESL/EFL practice

Language Practice

Overview of ESL/EFL/special needs pedagogic ideas on this website

Language Tailoring

for different occasions & to avoid offending your listener

Medical

Pedagogic Suggestions

  • Create your own worksheets

  • Additional instructions

Poetry
  • ESL practice

  • Classical

  • Humorous 

Publishing Opportunities

A forum for budding authors & poets to add their work

 

ENGLISH GRAMMAR BASICS IN A NUTSHELL

By Bibi Baxter

(An overview for native & non-native speakers of English)

SECTION 1

 

Recognising the components of a SENTENCE

SUBJECT 

VERB 

OBJECT

The dog

ate

the bone

            

The above sentence becomes a CLAUSE when it is not the only one in the sentence, eg: 

CLAUSE-1

The dog ate the bone,

CONJUNCTION

but

CLAUSE-2

he didn't eat the fish.

 

SECTION 2

 

Recognising the role of each word in a sentence

definite article

adjective

noun

adverb verb indefinite article noun
The

white 

dog

greedily ate a bone
  • To find the adverb, ask HOW did he VERB (how did he eat?  answer: greedily)

  • To find the object of the sentence ask WHAT did he VERB (what did he eat?  answer: the bone)

  • To find the subject of the sentence ask WHO/WHAT VERB OBJECT (what ate the bone?  Answer:  The dog)

  • To find the verb, ask WHAT did he do to THE OBJECT (what did he do to the bone?  Answer:  he ate it.)

SECTION 3

 

ARTICLES

  • a/an = indefinite article          

  • the = definite article  (this is because you are talking about a specific thing which you have mentioned before, or it is the only one)

NOUNS

  • Common Nouns are 'THINGS' which can be preceded by an article (definite or indefinite), 

eg: the dog, an apple, a cat, etc.

PRONOUNS

(Pronouns are used instead of nouns)

Subject Pronouns:   Object Pronouns: Personal Pronouns
  • I
  • he
  • she
  • it
  • we
  • you
  • they
  • me
  • him
  • her
  • it
  • us
  • you
  • them
  • mine
  • his
  • hers
  • its (no apostrophe)
  • ours
  • yours
  • theirs 

(See possessive adjectives)

ADJECTIVES

  • Adjectives describe nouns, eg: 

the GREEDY dog
  • Comparative adjective    eg:
Rover is a GREEDIER dog than the others
  • Superlative adjective      eg: 
Rover is the GREEDIEST dog of them all
  • Possessive Adjectives:  
my, his, her, its (no apostrophe), our, your, their   

ADVERBS

Adverbs qualify verbs (ie: they describe how the verb was done) eg: the dog ate GREEDILY

(Adverbs usually end in LY, but there are some irregular adverbs, eg: fast)

Adverbs are categorised (adverbs of time WHEN? adverbs of manner HOW?)

CONJUNCTIONS 

(also known as joining or linking words)

and, but, although, etc.

 RELATED PAGES ON THIS WEBSITE

SECTION 4

VERBS-1: Transitive & Intransitive Verbs

Verbs are words which describe mental or physical actions or feelings, etc.:  eg: wonder, walk, hate, etc.  Verbs are usually preceded by a subject, but not always followed by an object, eg:

TRANSITIVE VERBS (with an object) The dog caught THE BONE
INTRANSITIVE VERBS (no object)    The dog snarled.
 

Some verbs can be used with/without an object, eg: EAT

  • The dog ate hungrily (no object)

  • The dog ate the bone

 

 

VERBS-2: Verb Forms

Infinitive

(with/without TO)

Simple Past & Subjunctive

(+)

Past Participle

Gerund

(referred to as the 'present participle in English schools)

Simple Present

(+)

EAT

ATE

EATEN

EATING

EAT/EATS

 

VERBS-3:  Tenses Overview

The following 12 tense names are not taught in English schools, but are necessary when non-native speakers are learning English.   Most native speakers of English learn and use the tenses naturally and could not explain how or when they are used, because they have not learnt English grammatically.

TENSE NAME

EXAMPLES

  • Simple Present Tense

  • I/we/you/they eat

  • he/she/it eats 

  • I/we/you/they do not eat 

  • he/she/it does not eat

  • Simple Past Tense

  • I/he/she/it/we/you/they ate
  • I/he/she/it/we/you/they did not eat
  • Simple Future

  •   I/he/she/it/we/you/they will (not) eat

 
  • Present Continuous

  •  I am (not) eating
  • he/she/it is (not) eating
  •  we/you/they are (not) eating
  • Past Continuous:    

  • I/he/she/it was (not) eating
  • we/you/they were (not) eating
  • Future Continuous:   
  • I/he/she/it/we/you/they will (not) be eating

 
  • Present Perfect 

  • I/we/you/they have (not) eaten
  • he/she/it has (not) eaten
  • Past Perfect
  • I/he/she/it/we/you/they had (not) eaten

 

  • Future Perfect
  • I/he/she/it/we/you/they will (not) have eaten
 
  • Present Perfect Continuous

  • I/we/you/they have (not) been eating     
  • he/she/it has (not) been eating
  • Past Perfect Continuous
  • I/he/she/it/we/you/they had (not) been eating
  • Future Perfect Continuous 
  • I/he/she/it/we/you/they will (not) have been eating

FOR NON-NATIVE SPEAKERS OF ENGLISH

MASTERING THE TENSES

The tenses are extremely important in the English language.  Efficient use of the tenses can only be acquired through constant practice.  For non-native speakers, another presentation layout of the tenses can be accessed, using this link  Tenses Diagram  (The same colour scheme is used to illustrate the different components of the tenses)

The present perfect tense causes many difficulties for non-native speakers of English, as their own languages often contain a similar-looking tense (eg: j'ai mangé, ich habe gesehen, etc), but the way the tense is used is quite different.  Refer to Speaking Tips for help in avoiding the use of the present perfect.

VERBS-4:  Conjugating Tenses

(AUXILIARY VERBS & MODAL AUXILIARIES)

In order to make the above tenses, it is necessary to combine more than one verb,

EG: the PRESENT PERFECT    (have eaten) is made up of two verbs (HAVE/EAT)

EAT is the MAIN VERB, because that is the action which is being talked about.

HAVE is referred to as the AUXILIARY VERB, because it is only necessary to complete the formation of the PRESENT PERFECT tense.

The only ORDINARY VERBS used as auxiliaries are: 

  • DO (do/does/did)

  • HAVE (have/has/had)

  • BE (am/is/are/was/were/be/been)

There are also MODAL AUXILIARIES which can be interchanged

  • may

  • might

  • will

  • must

  • should 

eg:  I will/may/might/must/should be eating dinner tonight

RELATED PAGES ON THIS WEBSITE

More information will be added to this page from time to time
 
BROKEN LINKS
Emergency list of page URLS on this website
SITEMAP

R-Z

Recipes

Sayings

  • philosophies

  • proverbs

  • tonguetwisters

Songs for Group Singing
  • Schoolchildren

  • Toddlers

Speaking Practice
  • Intonation & Stress

  • Pronunciation

UNDER CONSTRUCTION

Spellings

This website contains mostly British-English spellings. Most American software does not recognise/recognize all British-English spellings

Sport

  • Table Tennis

  • Vocabulary

Study Tips

  • exams

  • listening

  • reading

  • speaking

  • writing

Technology
  • CCMS

  • RF-MW

  • combined

Traditional Songs
  • Christmas Carols

  • Chants

  • Coach Songs

  • Nursery Rhymes

Travel

Comical & serious travel reports & rhymes

Video

Using commercial videos to teach

Violence

  • ESL/EFL Practice Ideas

  • Reading Practice

  • Subjects for Debate

  • Vocabulary Lists

Vocabulary

A varied range of lists & practice

Worksheets (ESL/EFL) for Pop Songs

A wide range of ESL/EFL exercises for commercial songs.  Many are ideal for use with students with learning difficulties

Writing
  • CV examples

  • monologue

  • letter-writing

  • creative writing

Young Children

  • nursery rhymes

  • bedtime story

  • alphabet practice

 

COPYRIGHT INFORMATION

It is acknowledged that all maps, flags, poetry, lyrics, trademarks, trade names, used or referred to on this website are the property of their respective owners.  If you can supply relevant copyright information, please send it (together with your name & address)  to:  musicalenglishlessons@hotmail.com, or to: Copyright Details, Musical English Lessons International, Thimble Cottage, 99 High Street, Garlinge, Margate, Kent CT9 5LX 

<>()<>
Musical English Lessons International grants teachers & students  permission to copy and use (but not sell) any of the ideas & information featured on this website.  Please include a reference to the author & website as follows: 
© Pedagogic Copyright 1994-2007 Bibi Baxter of www.musicalenglishlessons.com 

WITH THANKS TO OUR SPONSORS & PROVIDERS

  • showmetickets for tickets to sporting events, shows & concerts

PROVIDERS

bravenet  phpbb3.net  streamlinenet  linkwalker  network solutions easyspace

  •  With gratitude to:

    • All websites which provide lyrics: azlyrics.com lyrics.com leoslyrics.com lyricscafe.com

    • Easyspace Limited, Scotland, UK for technical support

    • Easyspace Limited, registered in England (03405586), Thailand & Taiwan for keeping porn off this website & from obsolete pages from March 2007

    • The Mafia International for helping me to regain my dotcom website for removing porn from this website up to February 2007

    • The Mafia International for helping me to  revamp & repair this website after it was attacked & vandalised

    • Microsoft for helping me to repair this website in order to ensure that porn sites do not link to any of its pages in future