Introducing the Classics: As You Like It by William Shakespeare

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INTRODUCING THE CLASSICS

William Shakespeare-2

    Lesson Ideas By Bibi Baxter

THE SEVEN AGES OF MAN

from

As You Like It

by William Shakespeare

(1564-1616)

THE CONTENTS OF THIS PAGE

A FULL LESSON PLAN & WORKSHEETS  

(to practise:  Total Cloze, Dictation, Vocabulary)

RELEVANT EXTERNAL LINKS

INSTRUCTIONS & CLASSROOM MANAGEMENT

  • LEVEL:           Advanced

  • PRACTICE:    Vocabulary (classical, modern)

  • ACTIVITIES:  Discussion, Matching, Dictation

  • SKILLS:           Reading, Writing, Speaking, Listening

  • FUNCTION:    Voicing an opinion

INTRODUCTION

  • Although the procedure might seem complicated, students will find this lesson very enjoyable.

  • Set your printer, so it does not print the background colour.

  • The worksheets are colour-coded (pink/blue/green) in order to avoid confusion.  (I suggest you print onto coloured paper if possible)

  • For maximum lesson-success and student-enjoyment, do not give all the sheets to students in one go.

ADVANCE PREPARATION

  • Transfer the following worksheets to Word and print.  
  • The worksheets for each group should fit onto 2 x A4 sheets.  
  • To avoid confusion, ensure the sheets are arranged as follows:
    • Page-1:  Matching Exercise, Gapped Exercise, Vocabulary box
    • Page-2:  Gapped Exercise for second group + the words for a third group
  • Print the answer sheet for section 2 and cut into sections as indicated.
  • Prepare a sheet about Shakespeare's life to complement this lesson.  This can then be given to early-finishers as a reading comprehension exercise, or as relevant homework.

CLASS DISCUSSION

  • Brainstorm as many adjectives as possible to describe:
    • a baby (infant, etc.)
    • schoolboy (pupil, etc.)
    • lover (boyfriend, etc.)
    • soldier (young man, sergeant, etc.)
    • judge (upright citizen, etc.)
    • old man (pensioner, etc.)

GROUP WORK (GROUPS A, B, C)

SHEET 1

  • Divide students into 3 groups. (A, B, C)  

  • Give students the correct sheet 1 for their group.  The worksheets below are colour-coded below to help you:

    • Group-A:  pink

    • Group-B:  blue

    • Group-C:  green

  • SECTION 1:  Instruct students to work with others in their group to complete the gapped text, using the words from the box.  Inform students that, as each line of poetic prose, lyrics, or poetry begins with a capital letter, the first word of each line has been given to avoid confusion.

  • SECTION 2:   Instruct students to complete Section 2 after they have completed section 1.  Encourage the use of monolingual dictionaries and ask students to ensure everyone in their group could explain the meanings of the words to others, if asked.  This could be a lengthy exercise.

  • Give each group the relevant answer key to check.  The answer key sheet is colour-coded blue.

SHEET 2 (TRIO WORK)

  • Before handing out sheet 2, regroup students into groups of three, containing one student from each of the original groups (A, B & C)

  • Sheet 2 enables each student to take turns in giving dictating

    • Student A dictates to students B & C

    • Student B dictates to students A & C

    • Student C dictates to students A & B

  • During dictation, other students in the group either check section 1 or fill the blanks.on sheet 2.

FURTHER PRACTICE

DISCUSSION:  Voicing an opinion

  • Encourage students to give their opinion of this quotation by Shakespeare

VOCABULARY EXTENSION (writing task)

  • Ask students to create similar prose, showing the seven ages of modern man.  If students need ideas, some of the following may be useful::

    • baby or toddler

    • school boy

    • teenager or angry young man

    • university student

    • upright citizen

    • middle-aged lecher

    • senior citizen

BRIEF LANGUAGE OVERVIEW OF SHAKESPEARE'S WORKS

  • Rich in vocabulary, although some is now obsolete

  • The use of 'hath' instead of 'has/have'

  • The use of OF instead of the possessive S 

  • Word order often varies from modern word order

  • A capital letter is required at the beginning of each line (poetic prose)

  • E is omitted in words ending in ED in order to gain the correct rhythm

  • Differences in spelling are likely to be encountered

For Group-A (pink)

(Pink Sheet-1 for Group-A)

Section 1: MATCHING EXERCISE FOR GROUP A

THE MISSING WORDS

acts / ages / all / and / arms / at / being / creeping / entrances / exits / face / first / have / his / in / infant / like / man / many / men / merely / morning / nurse / one / parts / players / plays / puking / satchel / school  / school-boy / seven / shining / snail / stage / the / their / then / they / time / to / whining / with / women / world

                                        All  t_ _  w_ _ _ _ 's a s_ _ _ _,

And  a_ _  t_ _  m_ _  a_ _  w_ _ _ _  m_ _ _ _ _  p_ _ _ _ _ _:

They  h_ _ _  t_ _ _ _  e_ _ _ _  a_ _  t_ _ _ _  e_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _;

And  o_ _ _  m_ _  i_  h_ _  t_ _ _  p_ _ _ _  m_ _ _  p_ _ _ _,

His a_ _ _  b_ _ _ _  s_ _ _ _  a_ _ _. A_ f_ _ _ _ t_ _ i_ _ _ _ _,

Mewling a_ _  p_ _ _ _ _  i_  t_ _  n_ _ _ _'s  a_ _ _.

And t_ _ _ t_ _ w_ _ _ _ _ _ s_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _, w_ _ _ h_ _ s_ _ _ _ _ _

And s_ _ _ _ _ _ m_ _ _ _ _ _ f_ _ _, c_ _ _ _ _ _ _ l_ _ _ a s_ _ _ _

Unwillingly  t_  s_ _ _ _ _.

Section 2:  VOCABULARY MATCHING EXERCISE

  • a satchel

  • infant

  • players

  • to make an entrance

  • to make ones exit

  • to play a part

  • to play someone

  • to puke

  • to whine

  • a babe in arms / a young child

  • a school bag

  • actors

  • to act

  • to appear on the stage

  • to be a character in a play

  • to leave the stage

  • to make a miserable, high-pitched moaning sound 

  • to vomit / to be sick

theatre vocabulary:  stage, scene, acts

(a play is divided into acts, a book into chapters, a course book into units)

(Pink Sheet-2 for Group-A)

DICTATION FROM STUDENT B    

And  t_ _ _  t_ _  l_ _ _ _,

Sighing  l_ _ _  a f_ _ _ _ _ _, w_ _ _ a w_ _ _ _ _  b_ _ _ _ _

Made  t_  h_ _  m_ _ _ _ _ _ _'  e_ _ _ _ _ _. T_ _ _ a s_ _ _ _ _ _,

Full o_ s_ _ _ _ _ _ o_ _ _ _ a_ _ b_ _ _ _ _ _ l_ _ _ t_ _  pard,

Jealous i_ h_ _ _ _ _, s_ _ _ _ _ a_ _ q_ _ _ _ i_ q_ _ _ _ _ _,

Seeking t_ _ b_ _ _ _ _ r_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

Even  i_ t_ _ c_ _ _ _ _'s m_ _ _ _. A_ _ t_ _ _ t_ _ j_ _ _ _ _ _,

In  f_ _ _ r_ _ _ _ b_ _ _ _ w_ _ _ g_ _ _ c_ _ _ _ l_ _ _ _,

With  e_ _ _ s_ _ _ _ _ a_ _ b_ _ _ _ o_ f_ _ _ _ _ c_ _,

Full  o_ w_ _ _ s_ _ _ a_ _ m_ _ _ _ _ i_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _;

And  s_ h_ p_ _ _ _ h_ _ p_ _ _.

 <>()<>

STUDENT A'S DICTATION TO STUDENTS B & C 

                         The sixth age shifts

Into the lean and slipper'd pantaloon,

With spectacles on nose and pouch on side,

His youthful hose, well saved, a world too wide

For his shrunk shank; and his big manly voice,

Turning again toward childish treble, pipes

And whistles in his sound. Last scene of all,

That ends this strange eventful history,

Is second childishness and mere oblivion,

Sans teeth, sans eyes, sans taste, sans everything.

For Group-B (blue)

(Blue Sheet 1 for Group-B)

 

Section 1: MATCHING EXERCISE FOR GROUP-B

THE MISSING WORDS

and / ballad / beard / bearded / belly / bubble / cannon / capon / cut / even / eyebrow / eyes / fair / formal / full / furnace / good / he / his / honour / in / instances / justice / like / lined / lover / made / mistress / modern / mouth / oaths / of / pard / part  / plays / quarrel / quick / reputation / round / saws / severe / so / soldier / strange / sudden / the / then / to / wise / with /woeful

And  t_ _ _  t_ _  l_ _ _ _,

Sighing  l_ _ _  a f_ _ _ _ _ _, w_ _ _ a w_ _ _ _ _  b_ _ _ _ _

Made  t_  h_ _  m_ _ _ _ _ _ _'  e_ _ _ _ _ _. T_ _ _ a s_ _ _ _ _ _,

Full o_ s_ _ _ _ _ _ o_ _ _ _ a_ _ b_ _ _ _ _ _ l_ _ _ t_ _  pard,

Jealous i_ h_ _ _ _ _, s_ _ _ _ _ a_ _ q_ _ _ _ i_ q_ _ _ _ _ _,

Seeking t_ _ b_ _ _ _ _ r_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

Even  i_ t_ _ c_ _ _ _ _'s m_ _ _ _. A_ _ t_ _ _ t_ _ j_ _ _ _ _ _,

In  f_ _ _ r_ _ _ _ b_ _ _ _ w_ _ _ g_ _ _ c_ _ _ _ l_ _ _ _,

With  e_ _ _ s_ _ _ _ _ a_ _ b_ _ _ _ o_ f_ _ _ _ _ c_ _,

Full  o_ w_ _ _ s_ _ _ a_ _ m_ _ _ _ _ i_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _;

And  s_ h_ p_ _ _ _ h_ _ p_ _ _.

Section-2: VOCABULARY  MATCHING EXERCISE FOR GROUP-B

  • ballad

  • belly

  • bub (no longer used)

  • cannon

  • capon lined

  • Full of wise saws and modern instances (no longer used)

  • furnace

  • Jealous in honour 

  • mistress

  • oaths

  • quarrel

  • severe

  • sudden and quick in quarrel

  • the pard a spotted animal / partner, mate  (no longer used)

  • to sigh  

  • woeful

  • a large gun

  • a spotted animal / partner, mate  (no longer used)

  • an industrial oven for heating steel, etc.

  • argument

  • feather-lined

  • female lover

  • fiercely proud

  • full of wisdom with an up-to-date knowledge of similar cases

  • miserable

  • quick-tempered

  • serious, unsmiling

  • slang for a strong drink

  • slow song, usually about love

  • stomach

  • swearwords 

  • to release air from the mouth when bored

 

  

(Blue Sheet-2 for Group-B)

STUDENT B'S DICTATION TO STUDENTS A & C 

                             All the world's a stage,

And all the men and women merely players:

They have their exits and their entrances;

And one man in his time plays many parts,

His acts being seven ages. At first the infant,

Mewling and puking in the nurse's arms.

And then the whining school-boy, with his satchel

And shining morning face, creeping like a snail

Unwillingly to school.  

 <>()<>

DICTATION FROM STUDENT A

The  s_ _ _ _ a_ _  s_ _ _ _ _

Into  t_ _ l_ _ _ a_ _ s_ _ _ _ _ _d p_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _,

With  s_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ o_ n_ _ _ a_ _ p_ _ _ _  o_  s_ _ _,

His  y_ _ _ _ _ _ _ h_ _ _, w_ _ _  s_ _ _ _, a w_ _ _ _ t_ _ w_ _ _

For  h_ _  s_ _ _ _ _ s_ _ _ _ ; a_ _ h_ _  b_ _  m_ _ _ _ v_ _ _ _,

Turning   a_ _ _ _  t_ _ _ _ _  c_ _ _ _ _ _ _  t_ _ _ _ _  p_ _ _ _

And   w_ _ _ _ _ _ _  i_  h_ _   s_ _ _ _ . L_ _ _  s_ _ _ _  o_  a_ _,

That   e_ _ _  t_ _ _  s_ _ _ _ _ _  e_ _ _ _ _ _ _  h_ _ _ _ _ _,

Is   s_ _ _ _ _  c_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _  a_ _  m_ _ _  o_ _ _ _ _ _ _,

Sans t_ _ _ _, sans e_ _ _, sans t_ _ _ _, sans e_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _.

For Group-C (green)

(Green Sheet 1 for Group-C)

Section 1: MATCHING EXERCISE FOR GROUP-C

THE MISSING WORDS

again / age / all / and / big / childish / childishness / ends / eventful / everything / eyes / for / his / history / hose / in / into / last / lean / manly / mere / nose / oblivion / of / on / pantaloon / pipes / pouch / saved / scene / second / shank / shifts / shrunk / side / sixth / slipperd / sound / spectacles / strange / taste / teeth / that/ the / this / too / toward / treble / turning / voice / well / whistles / wide / with / world / yout

The  s_ _ _ _ a_ _  s_ _ _ _ _

Into  t_ _ l_ _ _ a_ _ s_ _ _ _ _ _d p_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _,

With  s_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ o_ n_ _ _ a_ _ p_ _ _ _  o_  s_ _ _,

His  y_ _ _ _ _ _ _ h_ _ _, w_ _ _  s_ _ _ _, a w_ _ _ _ t_ _ w_ _ _

For  h_ _  s_ _ _ _ _ s_ _ _ _ ; a_ _ h_ _  b_ _  m_ _ _ _ v_ _ _ _,

Turning   a_ _ _ _  t_ _ _ _ _  c_ _ _ _ _ _ _  t_ _ _ _ _  p_ _ _ _

And   w_ _ _ _ _ _ _  i_  h_ _   s_ _ _ _ . L_ _ _  s_ _ _ _  o_  a_ _,

That   e_ _ _  t_ _ _  s_ _ _ _ _ _  e_ _ _ _ _ _ _  h_ _ _ _ _ _,

Is   s_ _ _ _ _  c_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _  a_ _  m_ _ _  o_ _ _ _ _ _ _,

Sans t_ _ _ _, sans e_ _ _, sans t_ _ _ _, sans e_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _.

Section 2: VOCABULARY:  MATCHING EXERCISE

  • a world too wide (no longer used)

  • hose = socks

  • lean

  • manly

  • mere

  • oblivion

  • pantaloon (no longer used)

  • second childishness (no longer used)

  • shank (no longer used)

  • shifts

  • spectacles 

  • sans (a French word)

  • glasses

  • without

  • a buffoon, a ridiculous character, wearing breeches (trousers) and stockings

  • just, only (giving an idea of insignificance)

  • lacking in awareness (to be oblivious to something)

  • lower leg from knee to foot

  • masculine

  • moves

  • slim, thin

  • to be in ones second childhood 

  • too big

 

(Green Sheet-2 for Group-C)

DICTATION FROM STUDENT B

  All  t_ _  w_ _ _ _ 's a s_ _ _ _,

And  a_ _  t_ _  m_ _  a_ _  w_ _ _ _  m_ _ _ _ _  p_ _ _ _ _ _:

They  h_ _ _  t_ _ _ _  e_ _ _ _  a_ _  t_ _ _ _  e_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _;

And  o_ _ _  m_ _  i_  h_ _  t_ _ _  p_ _ _ _  m_ _ _  p_ _ _ _,

His a_ _ _  b_ _ _ _  s_ _ _ _  a_ _ _. A_ f_ _ _ _ t_ _ i_ _ _ _ _,

Mewling a_ _  p_ _ _ _ _  i_  t_ _  n_ _ _ _'s  a_ _ _.

And t_ _ _ t_ _ w_ _ _ _ _ _ s_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _, w_ _ _ h_ _ s_ _ _ _ _ _

And s_ _ _ _ _ _ m_ _ _ _ _ _ f_ _ _, c_ _ _ _ _ _ _ l_ _ _ a s_ _ _ _

Unwillingly  t_  s_ _ _ _ _.

<>()<>

STUDENT C'S DICTATION TO STUDENTS A & B

                  And then the lover,

Sighing like a furnace, with a woeful ballad

Made to his mistress' eyebrow. Then a soldier,

Full of strange oaths and bearded like the pard,

Jealous in honour, sudden and quick in quarrel,

Seeking the bubble reputation

Even in the cannon's mouth. And then the justice,

In fair round belly with good capon lined,

With eyes severe and beard of formal cut,

Full of wise saws and modern instances;

     And so he plays his part.

 

Section 2 Answer Key for Group A

  • players = actors

  • to play a part

  • to make an entrance

  • to make ones exit

  • infant = a babe in arms = a young child

  • to puke = to vomit = to be sick

  • to whine = to make a miserable high-pitched moaning sound 

  • a satchel school bag

  • to appear on the stage

  • to leave the stage

  • actors

  • a babe in arms / a young child

  • to vomit / to be sick

  • to make a miserable, high-pitched moaning sound

  • a school bag 

  • to be a character in a play

#- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Section 2 Answer Key for Group B

  • to sigh to release air from the mouth when bored

  • furnace = an industrial oven for heating steel, etc.

  • woeful = miserable

  • ballad = slow song, usually about love

  • mistress = female lover

  • oaths = swearwords

  • the pard = a spotted animal / partner, mate  (no longer used)

  • sudden and quick in quarrel = quick-tempered  

  • quarrel - argument

  • Jealous in honour = fiercely proud

  • bub (no longer used) = slang for strong drink

  • cannon = large gun

  • belly = stomach

  • capon lined = feather-lined

  • severe = serious, unsmiling 

  • Full of wise saws and modern instances (no longer used) = full of wisdom with an up-to-date knowledge of similar cases

#- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 

Section 2 Answer Key for Group C

  • shifts = moves

  • lean = slim, thin

  • pantaloon (no longer used) = a buffoon, a ridiculous character, wearing breeches (trousers) and stockings 

  • spectacles = glasses

  • hose = socks 

  • a world too wide (no longer used) = too big

  • shank (no longer used) =  lower leg from knee to foot

  • manly = masculine

  • second childishness (no longer used)  = to be in ones second childhood

  • mere = just, only (an idea of insignificance) 

  • oblivion = lacking in awareness (to be oblivious to something)

 

 

<>()<>

The Seven Ages Of Man 

Quotation from AS YOU LIKE IT by William Shakespeare

Jacques:  

All the world's a stage,

And all the men and women merely players:

They have their exits and their entrances;

And one man in his time plays many parts,

His acts being seven ages. At first the infant,

Mewling and puking in the nurse's arms.

And then the whining school-boy, with his satchel

And shining morning face, creeping like a snail

Unwillingly to school. And then the lover,

Sighing like a furnace, with a woeful ballad

Made to his mistress' eyebrow. Then a soldier,

Full of strange oaths and bearded like the pard,

Jealous in honour, sudden and quick in quarrel,

Seeking the bubble reputation

Even in the cannon's mouth. And then the justice,

In fair round belly with good capon lined,

With eyes severe and beard of formal cut,

Full of wise saws and modern instances;

And so he plays his part. The sixth age shifts

Into the lean and slipper'd pantaloon,

With spectacles on nose and pouch on side,

His youthful hose, well saved, a world too wide

For his shrunk shank; and his big manly voice,

Turning again toward childish treble, pipes

And whistles in his sound. Last scene of all,

That ends this strange eventful history,

Is second childishness and mere oblivion,

Sans teeth, sans eyes, sans taste, sans everything.

 
 
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<>()<>
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